In the uncontroversial examples of implicit consent, it was generally understood that the activity entailed certain responsibilities. It is certainly wrong to kill such beings just for the sake of convenience, or financial profit, or sport. Most human societies, from those at the hunting and gathering stage of economic development to the highly civilized Greeks and Romans, have permitted the practice of infanticide under such unfortunate circumstances, and I would argue that it shows a serious lack of understanding to condemn them as morally backward for this reason alone.
Surely, if every speck of dust were a potential person, we would be much less apt to conclude that every potential person has a right to become actual. Nevertheless, it seems safe to say that it is not fully conscious, in the way that an infant of a few months is, and that it cannot reason, or communicate messages of indefinitely many sorts, does not engage in self-motivated activity, and has no self-awareness.
The only way to get at them is to try to understand, a priori, what the property Abortion marry anne warren on the being a person is, and that is an ongoing chore for philosophy. No, says Warren, even if the cloning is done quickly and does not harm him.
I think that there are very good reasons for not defining the moral community in this way. Preferring to err on the side of caution, we decided to assume, just for the sake of argument, that the fetus is a person. According to Warren, it is possible to show that the fetus in fact is not a person and thus abortion is in all cases permissible.
It is hard to deny that the fact that an entity is a potential person is a strong prima facie reason for not destroying it; but we need not conclude from this that a potential person has a right to life, by virtue of that potential.
The capacity to communicate, by whatever means, messages of an indefinite variety of types, that is, not just with an indefinite number of possible contents, but on indefinitely many possible topics.
Both of these claims are contentious and would require further argument. There are two problems with this. The needless destruction of a viable infant inevitably deprives some person or persons of a source of great pleasure and satisfaction, perhaps severely impoverishing their lives. But terminally ill neonates cannot make this decision for themselves, and thus it is incumbent upon responsible persons to make the decision for them, as best they can.
This means that the argument is invalid; the conclusion 4 does not follow from the premises. Objections to Warren If killing fetuses is permissible because they are not full-fledged members of the moral community, then, by the same standard, killing newborns would be permissible as well.
It might help, for instance, if the natural parents of adopted children could at least receive some information about their progress, without necessarily being informed of the identity of the adopting family. He could easily move to a different county, but he chooses not to.
If X fails to meet all five conditions on personhood, then X is not a person. There are many reasons why infanticide is much more difficult to justify than abortion, even though if my argument is correct neither constitutes the killing of a person.
Each of these questions requires some comment. It is somewhat more personlike; it can apparently feel and respond to pain, and it may even have a rudimentary form of consciousness, insofar as its brain is quite active.Abortion (Marry Anne Warren “on the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion, ” and “Utilitarianism.”) Words Nov 9th, 7 Pages Abortion is the process by which an embryo or fetus is removed from the uterus, resulting in the termination of a pregnancy.
2 / Mary Anne Warren / “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion” show that if fetuses are human then abortion is properly classified as murder, is an extremely valuable one. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion fetus is similar to a "guppy" for a person to be a member of a moral community there must be 5 traits: consciousness, reasoning, self motivating, communicative and possessed of self concept.
Abortion (Marry Anne Warren “on the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion, ” and “Utilitarianism.”) Words | 7 Pages Abortion is the process by which an embryo or fetus is removed from the uterus, resulting in the termination of a pregnancy.
Mary Anne Warren: "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion" I. Challenge to Traditional Anti-Abortion Argument Traditional Anti-Abortion Argument (). On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion By Mary Anne Warren from Biomedical Ethics.
4th ed. T.A. Mappes and D. DeGrazia, eds. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.pp.
[notes not included] The question which we must answer in order to produce a satisfactory solution to the problem of the moral status.Download